Norway

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In Norway, the IoT Value Creation Network in the last 5 years brought together key stakeholders from a variety of sectors (research institutions, trade and industry, policymakers/government agencies and other users) to work jointly towards a common vision of the Internet of Things (IoT) [51]. This created a unified IoT community in Norway, going across boundaries of disparate technology sectors, in order to create a joint strategic vision of the IoT and aligning this vision with the current developments on the Future Internet and IoT at European and Global level. The networked was financed partly by The Research Council of Norway and by the private actors involved in the network.

Among others things, the network worked on identifying the possibilities and potential for IoT within the oil and gas industry to address some key requirements:

  • Embedded connection in the equipment, such that they can communicate directly with applications on whatever equipment from the supplier with user interface.
  • Possibility for control of mobile military field units and the possibility for multi-unit-cooperation.
  • Deliver new applications via IoT platform services in order to support subscription models.
  • Peer-to-Peer functionality between sensors, equipment, systems and cloud for applications like surveillance, maintenance and logistics.
  • Possibilities for integration of structured data, non-structured data and time series (real time) data.
  • Application development tools adapted to the users and alike for third party service providers and integrators and standardized compatibility.
  • Embedded and connected hardware design and IoT software/hardware application development and integration.
  • Identification guidelines for RFID and IoT.

The goal of the network to start an IoT community and an environment in Norway, across the borders of the various technology areas, aligned with the IoT current developments at European and global level was materialised trough the success of Norwegian partners in the EU Calls that are participating in two of the nine projects accepted for funding. One of the partners Tinymesh™ presented its technology at the IoT Network Conference in Oslo, 2015 and now they are part, along with 14 others partners, in "VICINITY" Horizon 2020 Project funded by the EC and involving resources and expertise in 11 countries and the setting up of seven demo sites to showcase how to solve real world semantic interoperability. SINTEF as the largest independent research organisation in Scandinavia is leading several EU and National initiatives in the area of IoT.

The development of IoT technologies and applications requires a national strategy that includes policy considerations focusing on funding, convening and planning, Norwegian Research Council action, etc. Actions considered in the IoT developments are listed below:

  • Funding local agencies and local communities' efforts to implement IoT connected technologies and services.
  • Funding large-scale national pilot IoT projects for smart cities that focus on integrating multiple smart city applications with scalable and replicable solutions.
  • Establishing national/city innovation challenges with prizes to encourage the development of IoT applications with high social or economic impact.
  • Subsidizing key IoT connected devices for rapid deployment.
  • Funding research, innovation and development for key underlying technological challenges relevant to the IoT, such as miniaturisation, multi-functional integration, intelligent edge computing, improving cyber security and reducing power consumption.
  • Establishing government/city-backed venture capital funding for promising IoT connected technologies that could benefit public sector operations.
  • Encouraging public-private partnerships for ambitious civic IoT technology projects.
  • Facilitating local government smart city deployments, such as by providing best practices and financing guides and freely accessible software tools, free Wi-Fi, wireless sensor networks deployment for environment monitoring.
  • Coordinating public sector deployments of IoT LPWA networks (NB-IoT, LoRa, Sigfox, etc.), and high-speed wireless networks, particularly for applications spanning multiple jurisdictions.
  • Requiring interoperability and encouraging the development of industry-led voluntary standards and best practices around issues like privacy and security.
  • Requiring relevant government agencies to develop and follow IoT action plans focused on improving mission delivery with IoT connected technologies.
  • Procurement and grant policies to encourage deployment of IoT connected devices.
  • Developing the label of "smart" by default for government operations, such as by requiring the use of IoT connected technologies for customs inspections, integrating smart technologies into government subsidized housing and agency buildings; and embedding sensor networks into infrastructure as part of modernization efforts.
  • Supporting IoT, electronics, communications and data science skills in high school and higher education.

Some local industries within IoT technology development and their strategies are listed below:

  • Nordic Semiconductor ASA is a RF specialist in ultra-low power wireless communications with their main offices in Trondheim and Oslo [23]. They are focusing on highly integrated RF ICs, protocol stacks, development tools and reference designs within the 2.4 GHz RF, ANT, Bluetooth low energy (BLE), and Sub 1 GHz area.
  • Texas Instruments Norway was established with the acquisition of Chipcon AS (1996 SINTEFs spin-off company) in 2006, a leading company in the design of short-range, low-power wireless RF (radio frequency) transceiver devices [24]. TI Norway is the worldwide headquarters, located in Oslo, for Low-Power Wireless group, which focus on RF solutions for a variety of short-range applications in the 315/433/868/915 MHz and 2.4 GHz frequency bands, and the ZigBee/IEEE 802.15.4 technology.
  • Atmel Norway AS (Microchip Technology Norway AS) located in Trondheim, was acquired by Microchip Technology Inc. in 2016 [25]. Focus is design and manufacture of microcontrollers, capacitive touch solutions, advanced logic, mixed-signal, non-volatile memory and radio frequency (RF) components. They provide the electronics industry with intelligent and connected solutions on the industrial, automotive, consumer, communications, and computing markets. Atmel wireless technologies cover multiple in-demand wireless arenas to enable IoT communication: ZigBee, 6LoWPan (802.15.4), Bluetooth, and Wi-Fi.
  • Silicon Labs Norway (former Energy Micro AS), located in Oslo, focus on ultra-low energy consumption microcontrollers (MCU), system on chip radios and RF Transceivers [26]. Their energy-friendly MCU and radio solutions are designed to enable a broad range of power-sensitive applications for the IoT, smart energy, home automation, security and portable electronics markets.