Greece

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According to "Europe's Digital Progress Report (EDPR) 2017 Country Profile" [86], Greece features wide availability of fixed broadband but take-up is progressing slowly in connectivity (fixed broadband, mobile broadband, broadband speed and prices). The price remains relatively high and the transition to fast broadband connections is slower than in other EU countries. However, they are more actively using internet for online content and video calls, but low performance in digital skills risks acting as a brake on the further development of its digital economy and society. In integrating digital technology, companies use social media at the level of EU average, but do not use more sophisticated technology such as cloud services and electronic invoices.

The report "ICT Adoption and Digital Growth in Greece" [95], look into (among other things) the strategic framework and digital priorities in Greece: "The Ministry of Administrative Reform and e-Governance presents the main vision of the Greek e-government strategy for the period 2014-2020 which can be specified as follows: "Greece aims to build a more efficient, transparent and accountable administration, through the use of ICT and the support of the necessary governance and monitoring mechanisms, while maximizing constituent satisfaction, increasing participation and recovering confidence by offering constantly enhanced electronic services and promoting a new digital culture", driven by the fundamental principles: Interoperability, compliance or justification, integration, conservation - non recurrence, single data entry, feasibility - sustainability, transparency - confidence recovery, e-accessibility, security - Privacy, and citizen participation. In order to develop e-government and efficient ICT penetration within the public sector, the strategic targets for the period 2014 - 2020 are [95]:

  • Modernization of public administration.
    • Simplification of procedures through the use of ICT.
    • Electronic management of documents - digitalization of procedures.
    • Single use of the resources of the public administration.
  • Reconnection of citizens with public administration.
    • Unified relations management among the state, the citizens and the businesses.
    • Creation of a single point of contact with the public administration.
    • Citizen authentication.
    • Digital inclusion and digital literacy.

MIT Enterprise Forum Greece (chapter of the global MIT Enterprise Forum), was established in 2013 as a non-profit association by a group of experienced entrepreneurs and business professionals with strong engineering backgrounds [94]. The forum informs, connects, and coaches technology entrepreneurs enabling them to rapidly transform ideas into world-changing companies. Events like Internet of Things - Technology that matter, Start Smart Greece, and Enterprise Forum - making Greece a Technology Hub by 2021 has been arranged. Their goals is to be game-changer for Greek entrepreneurship and add significant value to the troubled economy.

In 2016 Athens International Airport surpassing 20 million passengers, which include more traffic and greater environmental impact [93]. An ongoing pilot project for air quality monitoring, aircraft location, analysis and reporting where started and led by Ex Machina, a Greek company specializing in IoT. LoRa communication is used for real-time sensor data transmission and device control/orchestration, and GPRS is used for secure device management, over the air firmware upgrades, configuration of firmware parameters and the bulk upload of sensor data as back-up.

The first Greek Narrowband Internet of things (NB-IoT) smart city pilot was implemented in Patras 2017 [92]. The pilot are financed by the Deutsche Telekom Group's subsidiary COSMOTE, and developed in cooperation with the municipality of Patras. The joint project is a an example of the infinite potential the IoT can bring to urban areas, and will offer the citizens and visitors smart parking and smart lighting solutions in selected locations in the city centre. As part of the NB-IoT pilot implementation in Patras, specialized smart parking sensors have been installed, and the car drivers will be immediately informed about free parking space locations and how to get there, through a specialized mobile application. The installed smart lighting systems will be adjusted to different light intensity levels according to the season and time of the day, reducing electric power consumption by up to 70%.